The focus of this research line is to develop treatment technologies enabling the use of saline water as an alternative to freshwater use. Sources can be either natural saline water, or water from industrial production such as from oil and gas production. Technologies are sustainable and cost efficient, removing only those substances that hinder use of saline water (e.g. monovalent salts and pesticides) and maintaining those that are beneficial to the end use (e.g. nutrients).
This research line has 6 PhD projects: